ORAL AND DENTAL HEALTH

What are effective ways to prevent cavities?

  • Brush yourteeth with toothpaste that contains fluoride.
  • Floss the inner surface of your teeth regularly with dental floss or other interdental products.
  • Maintain a balanced diet and avoid processed foods
  • Consultwith your dentistfor information on procedures suchas ‘fluoridation’and ‘fissuresealants’, treatments appliedto strengthenteeth andprotect them againsttooth decay.
  • Visit your dentist regularlyfordentalexaminationsand professionalteeth cleaning

 

How do I choose dental care products?

There are an enormous number of products on the market, and it can be confusing to decide which is best for you. Pay attention to buy the products approved and recommeded by your dentist. Choosing the most suitable toothpastes and toothbrushes depends on the patient’s oral health

 

How long can I use my toothbrush?

In general, a toothbrush can be used for up to two-three months. When the bristles of your toothbrush begin to bend or separate from each other, it is time to discard that toothbrush; toothbrushes with stiff bristles may damage your teeth. Children’s toothbrushes wear out faster, as most children have not yet learned how to brush properly.

 

What is the right technique for brushing?

Hold your toothbrush at a 45-degree angle against your teeth and brush back and forth in strokes that are about the width of one tooth. At the end, perform sweeping motions from the gums to the teeth. The inner surface of the teeth, especially in the front, must be cleaned with the toothbrush held upright, as these sides are narrow. And don’t forget the inner sides of the teeth, the back teeth and the tongue, it is in these areas where bacteria and food debris tend to collect, and so these must be thoroughly cleaned. Decay tends to be seen more frequently on the back teeth, since only the front teeth are brushed. Dental tartar occurs in areas that are brushed the least, i.e. in the front bottom teeth.

 

Can an improper brushing technique damage tooth?

Yes, it can. Although teeth are coated with a very hard layer called enamel, they can still be damaged by a toothbrush if teeth are brushed incorrectly. Improper brushing can lead to abrasion in the top layer of enamel and in the protective layer covering the roots of the teeth and cause retraction of the gums. When this happens, the teeth become more vulnerable to tooth decay. Brush with soft, gentle strokes, and avoid excessive pressure on the brush, as this may cause tooth abrasion.

 

Why should I brush my gums?

Another effective way is to brush the gums. While the gums may bleed when they are first brushed, the process will be continued since the blood vessels that nourish the gums can swell due to impaired circulation. It is known as congestion. For the treatment, opening the capillaries, in other words brushing the gums, is necessary. Thus, gum vessels will be strengthened and the bleeding will stop. Brushing the gums is one of the most effective ways to prevent gingival diseases.

 

 

 

 

Are there any other tooth-cleaning methods?

These include electric toothbrushes, dental floss, toothpicks, interdental brushes, water-pics, stimulators and others. The electric toothbrush and water-pic are gaining popularity in our country.

 

Dental floss:

It is widely used to clean interdental spaces, but improper flossing can damage the gums.  Consult with your dentist on how to use dental floss properly.

 

Toothpick:

You can use a toothpick to extract food debris trapped in interdental spaces, but be aware: if such particles consistently become trapped in the same areas, there may not be normal contact between the teeth. We suggest that you use toothpicks. Toothpicks must be sterilized and have smooth tip, therefore it suggested to buy the toothpicks sold in drugstores.

 

What are the benefits of interdental cleaners?

Tools such as dental floss or toothpicks can reach areas that a toothbrush can’t, and remove food debris from under the gums. Even if you don’t have this habit, it isn’t too late to develop. Just brushing is not enough…

 

Brushing is not enough for a complete oral care. A toothbrush can’t reach the inner surface of your teeth. Using dental floss will help prevent gingival diseases and maintain oral health.

 

How do I use dental floss?

When flossing, you can follow these steps: Hold the floss tightly between your thumbs and forefingers. Guide it into the spaces between each tooth, and gently massage it up the side of each tooth, up to the gums. Dental bridges must be cleaned with special floss that can be passed through under the bridge. When flossing, pay attention not to damage the gums. In addition to using these types of products regularly, visit your dentist for an examination every six months.

 

To receive the maximum benefits from flossing, use the following technique:

  • Break off about 40 cm of floss. Wind most of it around your middle fingers with about 4 or 5 cm of floss between them.
  • Holding the floss tightly between your thumbs and forefingers, slide it gently up-and-down between your teeth.
  • Gently curve the floss around the base of each tooth, making sure you go beneath the gum line. Never snap or force the floss, as this may cut or bruise delicate gum tissue.
  • Use clean sections of floss as you move from tooth to tooth.
  • To remove the floss, use the same back-and-forth motion to bring the floss up and away from the teeth.

After flossing, your teeth and gums will be cleaner, as the floss reaches areas that are inaccessible to a toothbrush. Your breath will be fresher, and your gums will get better. Even if you feel uncomfortable at first, continue the process. Pretty soon you will feel the difference and flossing will have become part of your daily life.

Here are some tips for using dental flosss:

  • If you’re flossing for the first time use waxed floss as it’s easier to apply. You can also use a fluoridated dental floss.
  • Dental floss is used by wrapping it to forefingers with the help of the thumbs.
  • Pass the floss through your teeth with slow, steady motions. Avoid rigid or rough motions; these can damage your gums.
  • You can clean interdental spaces with dental floss curved into a C – shape, moving it back, forth, up and down.

 

Please consult your dentist for detailed information.